Expansive and diverse collection of indigenous knowledge nonfiction articles, images and videos, to support young learners' learning and discovery

10 traditional ceremonies and occasions of the Shona and use of clay pots

Traditionally, clay pots are used for everyday cooking, and during ceremonies and occasions such as rufu, kurova guva, chipwa, mukwerera, and nhimbe.

10 traditional games

The leading traditional games played by children in Zimbabwe include nhodo, tsoro, pada, and mahumbwe. Other games such as chidhanga chidhanga, chamutambarare, and kusika nyimo could be less common.

6 spirits of Shona religion

Shona religion centres on spiritual beings. Gombwe is a guardian spirit of a tribe, mhondoro is a clan spirit, mudzimu is an ancestral spirit, and shavi is a patronal spirit. Then there is the healing and divining n’anga spirit, and the evil muroyi spirit.

Customs of Shona communities: ‘Rufu’ – 10 before burial customs

Following the death of a loved one, the Shona do a number of things before, during, and after the burial. These, however, may differ among the various groups of the Shona.

Origin and founder of indigenous religion

The major religions in the world have founders and religious books. Unlike these other religions, the indigenous religion in Zimbabwe neither has a founder, nor missionaries, nor a religious book. Or is it?

Traditional weather forecasting methods

People in different communities have retained a lot of indigenous knowledge. This includes weather forecasting methods, and how to address the impact of weather in ways that are good for both people and the environment.

What is ‘mutupo,’ and why does it matter?

A Shona clan has a clan name, the mutupo, which all clansmen are identified by. A mutupo has an animal symbol, and the animal is tabooed by clansmen. A chidao is the male title, while the mutupo name is used to address females.